Tuberculosis is a well recognised health hazard in Russia especially for those living in crowded, damp accommodation. As well as potentially lethal TB, food poisoning, rabies and tick-borne encephalitis are also health risks. Cases of Rabies have increased in Moscow. Tick-borne encephalitis occurs in rural and wooded areas in the summer months. It leads to severe headaches, neck stiffness and seizures and may prove fatal. Health advice from the FCO is not to drink tap water anywhere in Russia. The prevalence of HIV/AIDS is about five times the UK rate. According to the WHO bbout 1% of Russia’s adult population is infected.